Invited Seminar: Status and prospects of the Super-Kamiokande and the Hyper-Kamiokande experiments

Super-Kamiokande(SK) is a 50-kiloton water Cherenkov detector built at 1000 m underground in Hida-city, Japan. It has been operational since 1996 and leading a wide range of neutrino measurements, including solar, atmospheric, and accelerator neutrinos, as well as searches for nucleon decays. In 2020, the SK detector underwent a major upgrade by dissolving Gadolinium into its pure water and started a new phase of the experiment as SK-Gd.  Thanks to Gadolinium’s large thermal neutron capture cross-section and subsequent emission of gamma-rays with total energy of ~8 MeV, neutron detection capability at SK has been significantly enhanced. One of the primary physics goals of SK-Gd is the world’s first observation of Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Backgrounds (DSNB). Past searches with the data from the pure-water phase of SK already ruled out some DSNB models with optimistic flux predictions. With the enhanced sensitivity of SK-Gd, we will be exploring an extremely interesting region of the DNSB flux predictions in the coming years. Furthermore, the successor of the SK detector, the Hyper-Kamiokande(HK) detector is now under construction. We are aiming to start observation at HK in 2027 and will continue to be at the forefront of CP-violation measurement in the leptonic sector, astrophysical neutrino observations, and nucleon decay searches. In this seminar, I will discuss recent hot topics from the Super-Kamiokande and Hyper-Kamiokande experiments.

Start date and time 2021/11/19 16:00
End date and time 2021/11/19 17:30
Speaker Yasuhiro Nakajima (University of Tokyo)
Venue Zoom
Contact katsuro@post.kek.jp
Language 日本語
Web site

Overview

Super-Kamiokande(SK) is a 50-kiloton water Cherenkov detector built at 1000 m underground in Hida-city, Japan. It has been operational since 1996 and leading a wide range of neutrino measurements, including solar, atmospheric, and accelerator neutrinos, as well as searches for nucleon decays. In 2020, the SK detector underwent a major upgrade by dissolving Gadolinium into its pure water and started a new phase of the experiment as SK-Gd. Thanks to Gadolinium’s large thermal neutron capture cross-section and subsequent emission of gamma-rays with total energy of ~8 MeV, neutron detection capability at SK has been significantly enhanced. One of the primary physics goals of SK-Gd is the world’s first observation of Diffuse Supernova Neutrino Backgrounds (DSNB). Past searches with the data from the pure-water phase of SK already ruled out some DSNB models with optimistic flux predictions. With the enhanced sensitivity of SK-Gd, we will be exploring an extremely interesting region of the DNSB flux predictions in the coming years. Furthermore, the successor of the SK detector, the Hyper-Kamiokande(HK) detector is now under construction. We are aiming to start observation at HK in 2027 and will continue to be at the forefront of CP-violation measurement in the leptonic sector, astrophysical neutrino observations, and nucleon decay searches. In this seminar, I will discuss recent hot topics from the Super-Kamiokande and Hyper-Kamiokande experiments.